Secondary Amenorrhea Pdf

Primary amenorrhea caused by chromosomal or genetic problems may require surgery. But this process can be disrupted by certain factors.

Symptoms of secondary amenorrhea. Certain medical treatments and medications, such as chemotherapy and antipsychotic drugs, can also trigger amenorrhea. Contraceptives that are injected or implanted also may cause amenorrhea, as can some types of intrauterine devices. Multiple cysts hence the name can be seen on a single ovary using ultrasound imaging.

To treat drug-induced amenorrhoea, stopping the medication on the advice of a doctor is a usual course of action. This condition increases the risk for cancer developing in the ovaries. Normogonadotropic hypogonadism is most frequently associated with hyperandrogenism, as demonstrated by increased testosterone concentrations in this case.

What causes absent periods? The treatment depends on the cause of your amenorrhea. The pituitary gland is a pea-size gland important to the functioning of the human body.

Reductions in age of menarche and lower fertility rates mean that modern women menstruate far more often than they did under the conditions prevalent for most of human evolutionary history. Many women who diet or who exercise at a high level do not take in enough calories to expend on their exercise as well as to maintain their normal menstrual cycles.

An aid in the evaluation of patients with Cushing's syndrome. The corticotropin-releasing factor stimulation test. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Protocol For Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

Related stories

There are two types of amenorrhea. Absence of a woman's monthly menstrual period is called amenorrhea. Late-night salivary cortisol measurements are also used. Your doctor will first want you to take a pregnancy test to rule out pregnancy. When her ovaries no longer produce estrogen because of amenorrhoea, a woman is more likely to suffer rapid calcium loss, which in turn can lead to osteoporosis.

Absent menstrual periods - secondary MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Easy Bruising in a Patient with Secondary Amenorrhea

Regular exercise, such as running, swimming and yoga, can help you relax. It can be treated effectively in most cases.

Cancer, although rare, can develop in this gland. Approach to the patient with possible Cushing's syndrome. The ovaries require physiologic stimulation by pituitary gonadotropins for appropriate follicular development and estrogen production. Your menstrual periods will most likely resume once you work through your tension and anxiety.

Many women have no symptoms other than the lack of periods. Metformin Glucophage can increase insulin sensitivity, thereby improving glucose tolerance. British Journal of Sports Medicine. Polycystic ovaries contain a large number of harmless follicles, which are underdeveloped sacs in which eggs develop.

American College of Sports Medicine position stand. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland anterior and posterior endocrine pathways and target organs. Why is diagnosis so difficult? Treatment depends on the underlying cause of your amenorrhea.

Secondary Amenorrhea

Hormonal birth control can also contribute to secondary amenorrhea. Breastfeeding is a common cause of secondary amenorrhoea, pdf to rtf linux and often the condition lasts for over six months.

Subscription Options

The opposite is the normal menstrual period eumenorrhoea. This is a cause for Primary Amenorrhea. Primary ovarian insufficiency in the adolescent. Bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling. The patient did not report taking any prescription or over-the-counter medication and denied tobacco, alcohol, or illicit drug use.

Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis. Other congenital abnormalities that may cause amenorrhea include imperforate hymen and transverse vaginal septum.

High estrogen levels cause the lining of the uterus to grow and thicken. You will have a pregnancy test.

Laboratory values on the initial and return visits. Being overweight or obese can also affect your menstrual cycle. The low estrogen concentrations observed in this case narrowed the differential to hypoestrogenism. If you miss your period, talk to your health care provider about possible causes, including pregnancy.

Secondary Amenorrhea

It can occur as a natural part of life with the most common cause of amenorrhea is pregnancy. The lack of menstruation usually begins shortly after beginning the medication and can take up to a year to resume after stopping a medication. Gonadal failure in the presence of a normal karyotype is termed gonadal agenesis. Upon manuscript submission, all authors completed the author disclosure form.

Breastfeeding is said to prevent more births in the developing world than any other method of birth control or contraception. The clinical and biochemical spectrum of congenital adrenal hyperplasia secondary to hydroxylase deficiency. Vaginal bleeding Postcoital bleeding. Natural causes include pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause.

The absence of the fallopian tubes, uterus, and internal portion of the vagina. Clinical Reproduction and Fertility.

Related storiesAmenorrhea Causes Types Clinical Features Management

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An adenoma is a benign growth tumor that occurs on the pituitary gland that can give rise to a myriad of symptoms that are not just associated with amenorrhea.